via IHS Janes.
Ukrainian industry has developed to the prototype stage a major upgrade package for the Russian BMP-1 tracked infantry fighting vehicle (IFV).This is turning into a crowded field. Everyone and their mother is designing some type of upgrade for the BMP-1. Seems like we're looking at the Russian version of the AAV...another 70 plus year old vehicle that keeps going and going.
The first prototype vehicle, designated the BMP-1 UM IFV, is being tested in Ukraine.
The extensive modifications include the replacement of the original one-man BMP-1 turret, which was armed with a 73 mm 2A28 smoothbore gun, a 7.62 mm PKT co-axial machine gun (MG), and a KBM 9K11 Malyutka (Sagger) anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) that was originally mounted on top of the main gun's barrel.
Many operators have removed the original wire-guided ATGW as it is difficult to control, especially in windy conditions.
In the upgrade, the baseline turret has been replaced by the locally dehttp://www.janes.com/article/59935/new-bmp-1-upgrade-developed-in-ukraineveloped Shkval overhead weapon station (OWS), production quantities of which have been developed for installation on a number of platforms including the locally manufactured BTR-3 8x8 series of armoured personnel carriers (APCs).
The OWS is armed with a stabilised 30 mm ZTM-1 dual-feed cannon, 7.62 mm KT coaxial machine gun (MG), and a 30 mm AG-17 automatic grenade launcher, which is mounted externally on the left side of the turret.
The ZTM-1 has an effective range in the ground-to-ground role of up to 2,000 m and can also be used to engage some types of aerial targets. It has a maximum muzzle velocity of 960 m/s.
Ready-use ammunition typically consists of 225 rounds of 30 mm ammunition and 2,500 rounds of 7.62 m ammunition; additionally it can carry 116 rounds of 30 mm grenade ammunition (of which 29 are ready use).
Mounted on the right side of the turret is a bank of two Kyiv Design Bureau Bar'er laser-guided ATGW, which are semi-automatic command-to line-of-sight (SACLOS). The missile has a maximum range of 5,500 m and a minimum range of 100 m; it is fitted with a tandem high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead that is designed to neutralise targets fitted with explosive reactive armour (ERA).